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The Bible: Inspired by God

Text:  1 Corinthians 2

What is the Canon?

“Canon” (Samarian, “reed) was “a measuring stick,” “rule,” “standard.”

Canon of Bible is the list of inspired books which belong to Scripture.

Basic Evidence:

Totally consistent

Written over a period of more than 1500 years

Written by more than forty different writers

No errors or inconsistencies; prophetic accuracy


Canon developed slowly by religious leaders over long period of time.

Canon decided by Council of Trent in 1546.

Old Testament:

Jews held inspired leaders and their writings sacred from time written.

Copies preserved very early (see Dead Sea Schrolls; fragments to 250 BC)

New Testament:

Churches accepted epistles and gospels because came from apostles (1 Thes. 2:13; 1 Cor. 14:37; 2 Pet. 3:15-16)

They were kept and read in churches (1 Thes. 5:27; Col. 4:1)

They were copied and circulated (Col. 4:16; 2 Thes. 2:15; 3:14-17; Rev. 1:4)

Books known uninspired were not copied and distributed.

List essentially established by 130 A.D.

“Church fathers” copied much of epistles and gospels in their letters.

Evidence for the Old Testament  (How do we know we have the right books?)

Evidence from authorship

Evidence from integration

Evidence from connecting links

Evidence from factual interrelationship

Evidence from corroboration

Evidence from acceptance

Why we reject the Apocryphal books?

They do not meet the above tests

They appeared after God silenced prophecy (see Mal. 4:5-6)

They were not accepted by the Jews

They were not accepted by the Septuagent translators

Most of the writings were anonymous and did not claim inspiration

None were quoted in the New Testament

They all contain material which contradicts other Bible facts or teaching

Evidence for the New Testament

Evidence from Apostolic connection

Evidence from internal claims of inspiration

Evidence from consistency in content

Evidence from acceptance


Glory to God in the church by Christ Jesus
Franklin Church of Christ